Learning The “Secrets” of Metal

The Process of Steel Fabrication.

In construction and manufacturing industries, metal fabrication is a very common process. During this process, raw materials are converted into processed metal sheets that are utilized in making buildings, machines and bridges. One of the most commonly used metals for fabrication is structural steel due to its flexibility, tensile and durable properties. During steel fabrication, steel sections are made using various fabrication processes. Some of these processes include cutting, folding, machining, punching, shearing, stamping as well as welding. Cutting is the first stage of metal fabrication. During cutting, steel is cut into smaller pieces using a saw, plasma torch, a water jet as well as lasers. During steel fabrication, other cutting techniques utilized include chiseling, numerical control as well as shearing.

When fabricating structural steel, press brake is utilized during folding. In order to make certain steel sections, steel has to be bent or folded. Folding helps to air-bend a sheet of metal into the desired form for ease of use. The press brake used has a set of dies that pinch the metal sheet in order to form a crease. The next process is machining whereby unwanted materials on the metal are removed in order for the designer to acquire a particular shape. One can either choose to rotate the metal against a cutting tool or use a rotating cutting tool on a stationary metal piece during machining.

A punch press is used to punch a piece of metal in order to create a hole in it during punching. One should ensure that the die and punch are of the same shape for the hole shape to be perfect on the metal. Shearing, also referred to as die cutting, is used in cutting straight lines onto a flat metal stock. Stamping on the other hand uses a die shaped in way in which a portion of the metal piece is raised. Welding involves two pieces of metal becoming attached in order to form a large structure or separate steel section. During welding, metal designers make use of various tactics that depend on the metal and its structure.

Steel fabrication is very effective as it helps to strengthen the metal in terms of its quality. This makes the steel more suitable for use especially in commercially designed buildings. Energy sector projects also make use of fabricated steel. The metal products made through fabrication depend on the client’s specifications. Since it is more affordable, most clients prefer working with fabricated steel. Structural steel fabrication is a very cost effective process which is why it is preferred by most clients.

Structural steel is used in various sectors such as infrastructure, oil and gas, transport, manufacturing and construction.

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